Information on Higher Education System
CHED is responsible in the formulation and implementation of policies, plans and programs for the development and efficient operation of the higher education system in the country. The delivery of higher education in the Philippines is provided by private and public higher education institutions (HEIs).
Geographically, there are 2,247 HEIs in the country distributed as follows:
Distribution of Higher Education Institutions by Region and Sector
(As of August 4, 2011)
The Public HEIs include: 110 SUCs main campuses, 424 satellite campuses, 93 LUCs, 16 Others [1 CHED Supervised Institution (CHED-ARMM), Ten (10) Other Government Schools and Five (5) Special HEIs].
Private Higher Education Institutions
Private HEIs are established under the Corporation Code and are governed by special laws and general provisions of this Code. Those under non-sectarian are duly incorporated, owned and operated by private entities that are not affiliated to any religious organization while those under sectarian are usually non-stock, non-profit, duly incorporated, owned and operated by a religious organization.
Generally, private HEIs are covered by the policies, standards and guidelines (PSGs) set by CHED in terms of program offerings, curriculum, administration and faculty academic qualifications, among others. Officials or owners of private HEIs usually manage their internal organizations and implement the PSGs formulated by CHED.
Public Higher Education Institutions
The State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) are chartered public higher education institutions established by law, administered and financially subsidized by the government. SUCs have their own charters. The Board of Regents (BOR) for state universities and a Board of Trustees (BOT) for state colleges maintain the formulation and approval of policies, rules and standards in SUCs. The Chairman of CHED heads these boards. However, CHED Order No. 31 series of 2001 of the Commission en banc, also authorizes CHED Commissioners to head the BOR/ BOT of SUCs. Implementation of policies and management are vested on the president, staff, and support units of the public higher education institutions.
The local universities and colleges (LUCs) are those established by the local government through resolutions or ordinances. LUCs are financially supported by the local government concerned. A CHED Supervised Institution (CSI) is non-chartered public post-secondary education institution established by law, administered, supervised and financially supported by government. Other government schools (OGS) are public secondary and post-secondary education institutions, usually technical-vocational education institutions that offer higher education programs. Special HEIs are directly under the government agency stipulated in the law that created them. They provide specialized training in areas such as military science and national defense.